History of Fabrics

There are so many kinds of fabric available that it’s overwhelming to try to understand them all at once. Each posts will talk about different kind of fabrics, their texture and properties and many more! Natural fibers have been used for apparel and home fashion for thousands of years. In comparison, the man-made fiber industry began with the first commercial production of rayon in 1910. Today, many man-made fibers, including polyester have been developed into beautiful fabrics that are being used by major designers.

Here is a look at the history of-

Natural fibers 

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There are so many kinds of fabric available that it’s overwhelming to try to understand them all at once. Each posts will talk about different kind of fabrics, their texture and properties and many more! Natural fibers have been used for apparel and home fashion for thousands of years. In comparison, the man-made fiber industry began with the first commercial production of rayon in 1910. Today, many man-made fibers, including polyester have been developed into beautiful fabrics that are being used by major designers.

Here is a look at the history of

Natural fibers

FLAX 5,000 BC- Generally considered to be the oldest natural textile fiber. Fine linen was used as burial shrouds for the Egyptians

COTTON 3,000 BC-  Earliest use estimated between 3,000 BC to 5,000 BC.
Worn by Egyptians earlier than 2,500 BC.

WOOL 3,000 BC- Used by people of the Late Stone Age,
There are 40 different breeds of sheep, which produce approximately 200 types of wool of varying grades.

SILK 2,600 BC- It is believed that silk was discovered by a Chinese princess.
Silk is made from two continuous filaments cemented together and used to form the cocoon of the silkworm. Secrets of cultivation and fabric manufacturing were closely guarded by the Chinese for about 3,000 years.

Man- made fibers

Rayon 1910-   The first man-made fiber. The first commercial production of rayon fiber in the United States was in 1910 by the American Viscose Company.

Nylon 1939-   The first commercial production of nylon in the United States was in 1939. It is the second most used man-made fiber in this country, behind polyester.

Acrylic 1950- The first commercial production of Acrylic in the United States was in 1950.

Polyester 1953- The first commercial production of polyester fiber in the United States was in 1953 by E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. Polyester is the most used man-made fiber in the U.S

Expect a new fabric/ garment to learn about every week. 🙂

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